Residential surveys, including residential land surveys, are among the most common, and are the type of survey most likely to be encountered by the general public. Residential land surveying involves the precise measurements of the boundaries of a certain piece of real estate. This may also be called a boundary survey. Land surveys may be used in the case of property disputes or before you build on the land; title and lending companies may also require a land survey showing structures on the property.

At Arthur Surveying Company, the first step of a land survey is to search for any records concerning the property. These include warranty deeds and other papers. Then the residential surveyor researches easements and other records that may influence his findings. Most of today’s homes are built on property that was sold after dividing up a larger piece of property; this can make the surveyor’s job more challenging, especially if this division wasn’t recorded properly.

Once the surveyor understands the historic boundaries of the property, the land surveyor will take the measurements of your land, determining whether the in-use boundaries conflict with the boundaries recorded in records or platted subdivision. Corner points are marked, usually using pin flags or wooden stakes, to make re-surveying the land easier at some point in the future.

The measurements may be taken using a tape measure, or an electronic tool known as a Total Station. Today, GPS may also be used for land surveys, though not usually in areas that are heavily wooded. Newer technology presents property survey companies with very accurate residential land surveying results.